Comprehensive African election calendar

Updated March 2020

Country Timeline President Legislative Regional/Local Referenda
algeria Last election 12 Dec 2019 People's National Assembly: 4 May 2017; Council of the Nation: half 29 Dec 2015 (indirect/appointed) 23 Nov 2017 17 Sep 1999
Voters endorse presidential peace plan to end 7 yrs of civil violence
Next election 2024 People's National Assembly: 2022
Council of the Nation: 2018 (half, indirect/appointed)
2022
Term 5 yrs People's National Assembly: 5 yrs
Council of the Nation: 6 (half every 3 yrs)
5 yrs
angola Last election 23 Aug 2017 23 Aug 2017 Not held  
Next election 2022 2022 Late 2020
Term 5 yrs 5 yrs 5 yrs
benin Last election 1st rnd: 6 Mar 2016; 2nd rnd: 20 Mar 2016 National Assembly: 28 Apr 2019 Municipal, Communal and Local elections: 17 Apr 2020  
Next election Feb 2021 National Assembly: 2023 2025
Term 5 yrs National Assembly: 4 yrs 5 yrs
botswana Last election Late 2014
by National Assembly
National Assembly: 23 Oct 2019 23 Oct 2019 4 Oct 1997
Constitutional amendments to establish an Independent Electoral Commission approved
Next election 2024
by National Assembly
National Assembly: 2024 2024
Term 5 yrs 5 yrs 5 yrs
burkina faso Last election 29 Nov 2015 National Assembly: 29 Nov 2015 22 May 2016 Constitutional referendum Postponed indefinitely from 24 Mar 2019
Next election 22 Nov 2020 National Assembly: Nov 2020 2021
Term 5 yrs National Assembly: 5 yrs 5 yrs
burundi Last election 20 May 2020 National Assembly 20 May 2020
Senate 17 Jul 2015 (indirect)
Local 20 May 2020; Collines 24 Aug 2015 17 May 2018: Allow president to stand for 4th term, increase presidental term to two 7 year consecutive terms; reintroduce Prime Minister, vice-presidents reduced from two to one
Next election 2025 National Assembly 2024
Senate 2020 (indirect)
Local 2024; Collines 2020
Term 5 yrs National Assembly & Senate: 5 yrs 5 yrs
cameroon Last election 7 Oct 2018 National Assembly 9 Feb 2020 9 Feb 2020  
Next election 2025 National Assembly: 2025 2025
Term 7 yrs 5 yrs 5 yrs
cape verde Last election 2 Oct 2016 National Assembly: 20 Mar 2016 2011  
Next election Mar 2021 National Assembly: Mar 2021 2020
Term 5 yrs National Assembly: 5 yrs 4 yrs
central african republic Last election 1st rnd 27 Dec 2015; 2nd Round 14 Feb 2016 1st rnd 14 Feb 2016; 2nd Round 31 Mar 2016 (postponed from 27 Mar 2016) local authorities appointed by president Constitutional referendum 13 Dec 2015
Next election 27 Dec 2020 (runoff 14 Feb 2021) 27 Dec 2020
Term 5 yrs 5 yrs
chad Last election 1st rnd: 10 April 2016; 2nd rnd: 9 May 2016 National Assembly: 1st rnd: 10 April 2016; 2nd rnd: 9 May 2016 22 Jan 2012  
Next election Apr 2021 13 Oct 2020 Municipal Councilors: Late 2020
Term 5 yrs National Assembly: 4 yrs 4 yrs
comoros Last election Held 24 Mar 2019; runoff held 21 Apr 2019 Union Assembly: 1st Rnd: 25 Jan 2015
2nd Rnd: 22 Feb 2015
Islands Governors: 24 Mar 2019
Island Assemblies: 2016
30 Jul 2018 constitutional ammendment to allow two 5-year presidential terms, instead of only one.
17 May 2009 constitutional amendments approved: Increased term of president to 5 yrs, abolished rotating presidency, concentrated power in Union government, reduce powers and costs of the island’s governments (Island Presidents become Island Governors), Islam became state religion
Next election 2024 Union Assembly: Jan 2020 Islands Governors: 2023
Island Assemblies: 2022
Term 5 yrs 5 yrs Islands Governors & Assemblies: 4 yrs
Côte d'Ivoire Last election 25 Oct 2015 National Assembly: Dec 2016
Senate: 24 Mar 2018 (indirect)
13 Oct 2018 23 Jul 2000
Constitution approved
Next election 31 Oct 2020 National Assembly: 2021
Senate: 2023 (indirect)
2023
Term 5 yrs National Assembly: 5 yrs
Senate: 5 yrs
5 yrs
democratic republic of congo Last election 30 Dec 2018 National Assembly: 30 Dec 2018 Senate: 2019 (indirect by Provincial Assemblies) PA: 30 Dec 2018
Local: 22 Sep 2019
18 Dec 2005
New Constitution approved
Next election 2023 National Assembly: 2023 Provincial Assemblies: 2023
Local: 2024
Term 5 yrs 5 yrs 5 yrs
djibouti Last election 8 Apr 2016 National Assembly: 23 Feb 2018 Regional Assemblies & Communes 24 Feb 2017  
Next election 2022 National Assembly: 2023 RA & Communal: 2022
Term 6 yrs National Assembly: 5 yrs RA & Communal: 5 yrs
egypt Last election First round 26-28 Mar 2018
Run Off 24-26 Apr 2018
People's Assembly: Nov 2015 Oct-Dec 2019 Constitution amendment: 20 Apr 2019 extend presidential term from 4 to 6 years, allow president to stand for additional term in office
Jan 2014: New Constitution
Next election 2024 People's Assembly: Apr-May 2020 2023
Term 6 yrs People's Assembly: 5 yrs 4 yrs
equatorial guinea Last election 24 Apr 2016 House of Representatives & Senate: 12 Nov 2017 12 Nov 2017 Constiutional referendum 13 Nov 2011; allows encumbent additional two terms, creates vice-presidency
Next election 2023 HPR: 2022 2022
Term 7 yrs HPR: 5 yrs 5 yrs
eritrea Last election 1993
interim president
May 1997
Transitional National Assembly formed
May 2003 23-25 Apr 1993
Independence for the Autonomous Region of Eritrea approved
Next election indefinitely postponed from 2001
Term 5 yrs 5 yrs 5 yrs
ethiopia Last election 25 Oct 2018 by House of People's Representatives House of People's Representatives: 24 May 2015
House of the Federation: 2013 (indirect)
Local: 2013
Regional State Councils: 24 May 2015
 
Next election 2024 by House of People's Representatives House of People's Representatives: 29 Aug 2020
House of the Federation (indirect): After Regional State Councils
Regional State Councils: Postponed from 29 Aug 2020
Local: Postponed from 29 Aug 2020
Term 6 yrs 5 yrs (both Houses) Regional State Councils & Local: 5 yrs
gabon Last election 27 Aug 2016 National Assembly: 1st Rnd 6 Oct 2018; 2nd Rnd 27 Oct 2018
Senate: Late 2020
Local: 6 Oct 2018  
Next election 2023 National Assembly: 2023
Senate: Late 2026
Local: 2023
Term 7 yrs National Assembly: 5 yrs
Senate 6 yrs
Local: 5 yrs
the gambia Last election 1 Dec 2016 National Assembly: 6 Apr 2017 12 Apr 2018  
Next election 2021 National Assembly: 2022 2022
Term 5 yrs 5 yrs 4 yrs
ghana Last election 7 Dec 2020 National Assembly: 7 Dec 2020 District, Local & Unit: 17 Dec 2019 before April 2016: Constitutional referendum, as well as abolishment of death penalty and parliamentary ratification (within 72 hours and with two-thirds majority) required for presidential declaration of war
Next election 2024 National Assembly: 2024 District, Local & Unit: 2023
Term 4 yrs 4 yrs 4 yrs
guinea Last election 11 Oct 2015 National Assembly: 28 Sep 2013 4 Feb 2018 11 Nov 2001
Constitutional referendum late Mar 2020; postponed from 1 Mar 2020
Next election Oct 2020 National Assembly: Held 22 Mar 2020 2023
Term 5 yrs 5 yrs 5 yrs
guinea-bissau Last election 1st Rnd: 24 Nov 2019
2nd Rnd: 29 Dec 2019
People's National Assembly & Senate: 10 Mar 2019; postponed from 18 Nov 2018 There are no local governments  
Next election 2024 People's National Assembly & Senate: 2023
Term 5 yrs 4 yrs
kenya Last election 8 Aug 2017 - election annulled
Rerun 26 Oct 2017
National Assembly, Senate & County Assemblies: 8 Aug 2017 8 Aug 2017 4 Aug 2010: Draft proposes more power for Prime Minister and less for President, devolution of power to regions and introduction of Senate and Supreme Court
Next election 2022 National Assembly, Senate & County Assemblies: 2022 2022
Term 5 yrs National Assembly 5 yrs 5 yrs
lesotho Last Election Monarchy: no presidential election National Assembly: 3 Jun 2017 30 Sep 2017 (postponed from 2016)  
Next election 2022 2022
Term 5 yrs 5 yrs
liberia Last election 1st Rnd: 10 Oct 2017; 2nd Rnd 26 De 2017 House of Representatives: 10 Oct 2017
Senate (half): 10 Oct 2017
30 Nov 2008 23 Aug 2011: Constitutional amendments; Referendum: October 13, 2020
Next election 10 Oct 2023 House of Representatives: 2023
Senate (half): 2020
?
Term 6 yrs HR 6 yrs
SEN 6 yrs
 
libya Last election Parliamentary: 20 Feb 2014 30 Mar 2019
next election 2020 2020 TBA
Term    
madagascar Last election 1st rnd: 7 Nov 2018; 2nd Rnd 19 Dec 2018 National Assembly: 27 May 2019
Senate: 29 Dec 2015 (indirect)
Local: 27 Nov 2019 On new Constitution scheduled for 12 Aug 2010, but then postponed to 17 Nov 2010
Next election 1st rnd: 2023 National Assembly: 2024
Senate: 2024, after local
Local: 2024
Term 5 yrs National Assembly 5 yrs
Senate: 5 yrs
5 yrs
malawi Last election 21 May 2019 [annulled 3 Feb 2020] National Assembly: 21 May 2019 21 May 2019 14 Jun 1993
Introduction of a multi-party system approved by voters
Next election Held 23 Jun 2020 [rerun] National Assembly: 2024 2024
Term 5 yrs 5 yrs 5 yrs
mali Last election 1st rnd 29 Jul 2018; 2nd rnd 12 Aug 2018 National Assembly: 1st rnd 29 Mar 2020; 2nd rnd 19 Apr 2020 20 Nov 2016 Constitutional Referendum: Postponed indefinately from 9 Jul 2017
Next election 2023 National Assembly: 2025 Local & Communal: postponed from 2018
Term 5 yrs National Assembly: 5 yrs 5 yrs
mauritania Last election 22 Jun 2019 National Assembly: National Assembly: 1st rnd 1 Sep 2018; 2nd rnd: 15 Sep 2018
Senate (1/3 members): 22 Jun 2019
Local and regional: 1st rnd: 1 Sep 2018; 2nd rnd: 15 Sep 2018 25 Jun 2006
New constitution approved by electorate
Next election 2024 National Assembly: 2023
Senate (1/3 members): 2024
Local and regional: 2023
Term 5 yrs National Assembly 5 yrs
SEN 6 yrs (1/3 retires every 2 yrs)
5 yrs
mauritius Last election Nov 2019 by National Assembly National Assembly: 7 Nov 2019 Local: 2012?
Rodrigues Regional Assembly: 5 Feb 2012
Next election 2024 by National Assembly National Assembly: 2024 Local: 2021
Rodrigues Regional Assembly: 5 Feb 2012
Term 5 yrs 5 yrs Local: 5 yrs; Rodrigues Regional Assembly: 5 yrs
morocco Last election Monarchy. PM appointed by monarch after legislative elections Assembly of Representatives: 7 Oct 2016
Assembly of Councillors: 2 Oct 2015
Local & regional 4 Sep 2015 1 Jul 2011 Constitutional referendum
Next election Assembly of Representatives: Nov 2021
Assembly of Councillors (indirect): 2021 (after local)
2021
Term Assembly of Representatives 5 yrs; Assembly of Councillors 6 yrs (indirect) 6 yrs
mozambique Last election 15 Oct 2019 15 Oct 2019 Local: 20 Nov 2013
Provincial: 15 Oct 2019
Next election 2024 2024 Local: 2023; Provincial: 2024
Term 5 yrs 5 yrs 5 yrs
namibia Last election 27 Nov 2019 National Assembly: 27 Nov 2019
National Council: Dec 2015 (indirect)
Regional Council: 27 Nov 2019
Local: 27 Nov 2015
Next election 2024 National Assembly: 2024
National Council: 2020 (indirect by Regional Councils)
Regional Council: Nov 2024
Local: Nov 2020
Term 5 yrs National Assembly 5 yrs; National Council 5 yrs Regional Council 5 yrs; Local: 5 yrs
niger Last election 1st rnd: 21 Feb 2016; 2nd rnd: 20 Mar 2016 National Assembly: 21 Feb 2016 Nov 7 2019 24 Oct 2010 new constitution
Next election 27 Dec 2020 (runoff 21 Feb 2021) 27 Dec 2020 1 Nov 2020
Term 5 yrs National Assembly: 5 yrs 5 yrs
nigeria Last election 23 Feb 2019 National Assembly & Senate: 23 Feb 2019 State Assemblies, governors & Local: 9 Mar 2019
Next election 2023 House of Representatives & Senate: 2023 State Assemblies, governors & Local: 2024
Term 4 yrs 4 yrs 4 yrs
republic of the congo Last election 20 March 2016 SEN 2014 (indirect)
National Assembly Rnd 1: 16 Jul 2017; Rnd 2: 30 Jul 2017
29 Jun 2008 20 Jan 2002
New Constitution approved
Next election 2021 National Assembly 2022
Senate (1/3) 2020 (indirect)
?
Term 5 yrs National Assembly 5 yrs
Senate 6 yrs
6 yrs
rwanda Last election 3-4 Aug 2017 House of Representatives: 3 Sep 2018
Senate: 16-18 Sep 2019
Local: Feb & Mar 2016 18 Dec 2015, constitutional amendment extending number of presidential terms
26 May 2003, New constitution approved
Next election Aug 2024 House of Representatives: 2023
Senate: 2027 (indirect)
Local: 2021
Term 7 yrs CD: 5 yrs
Senate: 8 yrs
5 yrs
são tomé and príncipe Last election 1st rnd: 17 Jul 2016; 2nd rnd: 7 Aug 2016 National Assembly: 7 Oct 2018 Regional & Local: 7 Oct 2018
Next election Jul 2021 National Assembly: 2022 Regional & Local: 7 Oct 2022
Term 5 yrs National Assembly: 4 yrs 5 yrs
senegal Last election 24 Feb 2019 National Assembly: 30 Jul 2017 Regional & Local: N/A 20 Mar 2016, approved by 62% of voters
Shortening of the presidential term from seven years to five years and other changes
Next election 2026 National Assembly: 2022 Regional & Local: 2020
Term 7 yrs National Assembly: 5 yrs Regional & Local: 5 yrs
seychelles Last election 3-5 Dec 2015 National Assembly 8-10 Sep 2016 Local authorities are appointed by the government 15 – 18 June 1993
New Constitution approved
Next election 22-24 Oct 2020 National Assembly Sep/Oct 2021
Term 5 yrs 5 yrs
sierra leone Last election 1st Rnd: 7 Mar 2018
2nd Rnd: Postponed to 31 Mar 2018 from 27 Mar 2018
House of Representatives: 7 Mar 2018 7 Mar 2018
Next election 2023 2023 2022
Term 5 yrs 5 yrs 4 yrs
somalia Last election Postponed to 8 Feb 2017 from 22 Jan 2017 and 28 Dec 2016 (by parliament) Lower House: 22 Dec 2016 (indirect)
Upper House: 25 Sep 2016 (indirect)
None  
Next election 2021 House of the People: 2021
Upper House: 2021 (indirect)
Regional: 19 Dec 2018, postponed from 5 Dec 2018 & 17 Nov 2018
Term 5 yrs 5 yrs no data
somaliland
(autonomous region)
Last election 13 Nov 2017 HR: Cancelled 27 Mar 2017 15 Dec 2002  
Next election 2022 House of Representatives & Senate: Postponed to 2020 from late 2019 Postponed to late 2019 from 28 Apr 2019
Term 5 yrs 5 yrs 5 yrs
south africa Last Election 2019 (Indirect by National Assembly) National Assembly: 8 May 2019 PL: 8 May 2019
Local: 3 Aug 2016
17 Mar 1992
Whites approve the continuation of the white government’s negotiations for a new majority government constitution
Next election 2024 (Indirect by National Assembly) National Assembly: 2024 PL: 2024
Local: 2021
Term 5 yrs National Assembly: 5 yrs PL & Local: 5 yrs
south sudan Last election 9 Jul 2010 SSA: 9 Jul 2010 State and local: 9 Jul 2010 9 Jan 2011: Referendum due on whether southern autonomous region is remain part of Sudan or to succeed
Next election 2021 (postponed from 2015 & 2018) 2021 (postponed from 2015 & 2018) 2021 (postponed from 2015 & 2018)
Term 5 yrs SSA: 5 yrs 5 yrs
sudan Last election 2 Apr 2015 CS & National Assembly: 2 Apr 2015 State Legislatures, State Governors, local: 2 Apr 2015
Next election Late 2022 CS & National Assembly: Late 2022 State Legislatures, State Governors, local: Late 2022
Term 5 yrs National Assembly 5 yrs
CS 6 yrs
5 yrs
Swaziland Last election Monarchy: no presidential election. House of Assembly: Primary: 18 Aug 2018; Secondary: 21 Sep 2018 Urban local: Sept 2018
Tinkhundla: Sept 2018
 
Next election House of Assembly: Primary: 2023; Secondary: 2023 Urban local: 2023
Tinkhundla: 2023
Term 5 yrs 5 yrs
togo Last election 15 Apr 2015 National Assembly: 20 Dec 2018 30 Jun 2019 Constitutional referendum 16 Dec 2018
Next election Held 22 Apr 2020 National Assembly: 2023 2024
Term 5 yrs 5 yrs 5 yrs
tunisia Last election Held 1st Rnd: 15 Sep 2019 2nd Rnd: 13 Oct 2019 House of Representatives: 6 Oct 2019
House of Councillors: 6 Oct 2019
Local & regional: Postponed to 7 Dec 2017 from 26 Mar 2017  
Next election 2024 House of Representatives: 2024
House of Councillors: 2025
Municipal: 2022
Term 5 yrs House of Representatives: 5 yrs
House of Councillors: 6 yrs
5 yrs
united republic of tanzania Last Election 25 Oct 2015 25 Oct 2015 Zanzibar House of Representatives & Zanzibar President: ZEC annulled 25 Oct 2015 election, no rerun date set; Local: 25 Oct 2015; Civic: 24 Nov 2019 30 Apr 2015: Adoption of new Constitution to replace that of 1977
Next election 4 Oct 2020 4 Oct 2020 Zanzibar House of Representatives & Zanzibar President & Local: Oct 2020; Tanzania Civic: 2024
Term 5 yrs 5 yrs Zanzibar House of Representatives & Zanzibar President & Local: 5 yrs;
Civic: 5 years
uganda Last election 18 Feb 2016 National Assembly: 18 Feb 2016 18 Feb 2016
Next election Jan/Feb 2021 National Assembly: Jan/Feb 2021 Jan/Feb 2021
Term 5 yrs National Assembly: 5 yrs 5 yrs
zambia Last Election 11 Aug 2016 National Assembly: 11 Aug 2016 11 Aug 2016 11 Aug 2016
Constitutional amendments to amend Bill of Rights fails
Next election 2021 National Assembly: 2021 2021
Term 5 yrs National Assembly: 5 yrs 5 yrs
zimbabwe Last election 30 Jul 2018 House of Assembly & Senate: 30 Jul 2018 30 Jul 2018 Constitutional referendum, 16 Mar 2013
Next election 2023 House of Assembly & Senate: 2023 2023
Term 5 yrs 5 yrs 5 yrs