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Ghana: Fact file

Country Name Republic of Ghana
Area 239 460 sq km
Capital Accra
Major cities & towns Kumasi, Obuasi, Tamale
Boundaries Western Africa, bordering the Gulf of Guinea, between Côte d'Ivoire and Togo
Population 21 664 000, 2004 (UNDP 2006)
Pop growth 1.9%, 2004-15 (UNDP 2006)
Urbanisation 47.1%, 2004 (UNDP 2006)
Life Expectancy Female 57.4 yrs, male 56.5 yrs, 2004 (UNDP 2006)
Infant mortality 68/1000, 2004 (UNDP 2006)
HIV/AIDS prevalence 2.3%, 2006 (UNAIDS 2006)
Adult literacy rate Female 49.8%, male 66.4%, 2004 (UNDP 2006)
Legal System English common law and customary law
Independence 6 March 1957 (from Britain)
GDP US$11.292 billion, 2006 est (IMF 2006)
GDP per capita US$527.11, 2006 est (IMF 2006)
GDP growth 6%, 2006 est (IMF 2006)
Exports Gold, cocoa, timber, tuna, bauxite, aluminum, manganese ore, diamonds
Currency 1 Cedi = 100 Pesawas
Unemployment No data
Inflation rate 8.8%, 2006 est (IMF 2006)
External debt ratio 7.7% of GDP, 2006 (IMF 2007)
Ethnic groups Akan 44%, Moshi-Dagomba 16%, Ewe 13%, Ga 8%, Gurma 3%, Yoruba 1%, other 1.5% (Centre for Intercultural Learning 2006)
Languages English (official); main languages Akan, Moshi-Dagomba, Ewe, and Ga; 74 other languages (Ethnologue.com Undated)
Religion Christian 55.4%, African Traditional Religions 24.4%, Muslims 19.7%, others 0.5% (Religious Freedom 2001)

References

CENTRE FOR INTERCULTURAL LEARNING 2006 "Ghana" IN Country Insights, [www] http://www.intercultures.ca/cil-cai/country_overview-en.asp?lvl=8&ISO=GH [opens new window].

ETHNOLOGUE.COM UNDATED "Languages of Ghana" [www] http://www.ethnologue.com/show_country.asp?name=GA [opens new window].

IMF 2007 Regional Economic Outlook: Sub-Saharan Africa, [www] http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/reo/2007/AFR/ENG/sreo0407.pdf, 100 [PDF document, opens new window].

IMF 2006 World Economic Outlook Database, [www] http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2006/02/data/index.aspx [opens new window].

RELIGIOUS FREEDOM 2001 "Nation profile: Ghana", [www] http://religiousfreedom.lib.virginia.edu/nationprofiles/Ghana/rbodies.html [opens new window].

UNAIDS 2006 "Ghana", [www] http://www.unaids.org/en/Regions_Countries/Countries/ghana.asp [opens in window].

UNDP 2006 "Ghana", IN Human Development Report 2006, [www] http://hdr.undp.org/hdr2006/statistics/countries/data_sheets/cty_ds_GHA.html [opens new window].