Kenya: One party elections (1969-1988)

Updated July 2010

From 1969 to 1982 Kenya was a de facto one party state, with the Kenya African National Union (KANU) alone contesting elections. In 1982 KANU became the only legal party, a situation that obtained until the legalisation of other parties in 1991 (Nunley 2006).

The President was indirectly elected by each new National Assembly, in every case unopposed (Nunley 2006).

Elections 1969-1988

Year National Assembly *President
Date Seats Women **Turnout
1969 6 December 158 1 44.6% Jomo Kenyatta
1974 14 October 158 4 56.5% Jomo Kenyatta
1979 8 November 158 5 67.3% Daniel arap Moi
1983 26 September 158 2 45.9% Daniel arap Moi
1988 21 March 188 2 32.5% Daniel arap Moi

Table notes

* Jomo Kenyatta died on 22 August 1978 and Daniel arap Moi, his Vice President, was elected in his place on 10 October 1978 by the National Assembly (Nunley 2006).
** Voter turnout was calculated by total valid votes as a percentage of registered voters.

Table sources

Nunley 2006; Women's Shadow Parliament-Kenya 2008, 16; Hartmann 2009, 482.

References

NUNLEY, AC 2006 "Elections in Kenya" IN African Elections Database, [www] http://africanelections.tripod.com/ke.html [opens new window] (accessed 12 July 2010).

WOMEN'S SHADOW PARLIAMENT-KENYA 2008 The Elusive Quest for Women's Empowerment in Electoral Politics: A Synopsis of the 2007 Electoral Year, Second Rapid Assessment and Gender Audit of Electoral Processes in Kenya (Raga II), [www] http://womenshadowparliament.org/downloads/Elusive_Quest_for_Women%27s_Empowerment_in_Electral_Politics.pdf [PDF document, opens new window] (accessed 19 Jul 2010).

HARTMANN, D 1999 "Kenya" IN Nohlen, D, Krennerich, M & Thibaut, B (eds) Elections in Africa: A Data Handbook, Oxford Publishers.