Angola: National Electoral Commission
Updated May 2008
The Constitution of Angola does not mention the National Electoral Commission (Comissão Nacional Eleitoral; CNE). It provides that 'special laws shall regulate the process of general elections' (Constitution 1992, Article 3(3). The CNE is established as an independent body by electoral law governing the conduct of elections and voter registration (Electoral Law 2004 A154).
The CNE is composed of eleven members, two nominated by the President, three by the ruling party and three by opposition parties in the National Assembly, a Justice of the Supreme Court, a representative of the Ministry of Territorial Administration and one elected by the National Council of Social Communication. The President of the CNE is elected unanimously from these members by the National Assembly. Members of the CNE may not be candidates for the Presidency or National Assembly of the Angola (Electoral Law 2004 A156).
Term of Office
Terms of commissioners begin with their investiture by the President and they serve a term of four years renewable for a further term (Electoral Law 2004 A162). No provisions are made for their removal from office in case of incompetence or misconduct.
The CNE has the following functions (Electoral Law 2004 A155):
- Organise and direct presidential, parliamentary elections and other electoral activities; ensure that elections are free, fair and transparent.
- Voter and civic education.
- Supervise the conduct of voter registration and compile voter registers.
- Rule on electoral challenges.
- Ensure equality of opportunity and treatment of candidates.
- Tabulate and publish the results of the presidential and parliamentary elections.
- Approve the format of the ballot papers, seals and records and conduct ballot order lottery.
- Issue regulations, instructions and with regard to the conduct of the election procedures.
- Determine the location, set up and operations of polling stations.
- Ensure adequate security conditions for elections.
- Distribute broadcast times for radio and television for the candidates.
- Draw up accounts of electoral revenue and expenditure.
- Accredit observers and determine areas of activity.
CONSTITUTIONAL LAW OF THE REPUBLIC OF ANGOLA, 1992, [www] http://aceproject.org/ero-en/regions/africa/AO/angconst [opens new window] (accessed 10 Mar 2010).
LAW 7/2004 OF 17 JUNE (Electoral Law 2004) [www] http://aceproject.org/regions-en/eisa/AO/Law%20No%207%2004%2017%20of%20June.pdf [PDF document, opens new window] (accessed 10 Mar 2010).
Lei No 7/04 de 17 de Junho, [www] http://aceproject.org/regions-en/eisa/AO/ Lei%20No%207%2004%20de%2017%20de%20Junho.pdf [PDF document, opens new window] (accessed 10 Mar 2010).
Official Web Site
Comissão Nacional Eleitoral: [www] http://www.cne.gv.ao/ [opens new window] (accessed 10 Mar 2010).